Creative, Imaginative Balloons
Real hot air balloons allow people to break the law of gravity, if only for a few hours, to soar quietly over the land for a bird's eye view of city and countryside. A hot air balloon is a lighter-than-air aircraft which uses the basic scientific principle that warm air rises in cooler air. Hot air has less mass than cool air. When hot air fills the balloon it floats or suspends in mid air. A hot air balloon large enough to carry a basket full of people into the air has to be very large because in order to lift at least 1,000 lbs the balloon needs to be filled with 65,000 cubic feet of hot air.
The largest part of a hot air balloon is called an envelope. The envelope is the part of the aircraft that contains the heated air necessary to keep the craft afloat. Suspended beneath the envelope is the gondola or wicker basket. Passengers ride in the basket portion. The balloon pilot controls the source of heat, usually open flame from a liquid propane tank. The balloon design can allow the pilot to control altitude and vertical speed but hot air balloon are not practical for travel as they can only move as fast as the wind blows and can't be steered in any defined direction.
The Sky lantern, or Chinese lantern is the oldest form of hot air balloon. The unmanned lanterns were used during the Three Kingdoms era (220–280 AD) as airborne lanterns to send signals to military leaders and troops.
Hot air balloon festivals and sporting events attract millions of spectators every year when thousands of balloon take to the skies. Enthusiasts claim balloon travel is both an exhilarating and serene experience.
Resources Hot Air Balloons
Materials To Keep On Hand
Paper Trivia: Did you know that you can only fold a sheet of printer paper in half seven times? Give it a try. It doesn't matter how thick or thin the paper is, once you get to the seventh fold, the paper will not bend or budge.
Sun catchers. To create a translucent, stained glass ornaments effect, apply a bit of lemon oil to the back sides of paper ornaments to create a.
Hang the ornaments on trees, in windows, anywhere bright colorful decorations are desired.
Construct a large paper-tree for the wall with shades of green construction paper. Draw a large tree on a sheet of easel pad paper to tack onto a wall or other flat surface, then decorate with paper ornaments.
- Types of Paper:
- Construction - many colors
- Copier - many colors
- Cardstock - many colors
- Paper tubes - TP tissue, paper towel and gift-wrap
- Foam craft sheets - many colors
- Magnet sheets - Make refrigerator magnets
- Stiff Stencil - Paint repeating patterns on items, embroidery, latch-hook rug patterns
- Felt sheets - Make filled or layered ornaments
- Some Mediums & Tools to keep handy for the creative process.
- Colorful Markers - fine to thick point
- Wax Crayons - stock up around school sales
- Water color sets - and plastic tablecloths
- Chalk - many colors
- Colored pencils - many colors
- Tempura finger paints - primary colors - mixing to discover is half the fun
- Paint brushes - fine tip to standard school size child's brush size at least.
- Straws - paper not plastic
- Tooth picks - age appropriate
- Sponges - cut into shapes or purchase for blotting paint shapes
- Needlepoint, embroidery thread and stretcher hoops
- Puffy paint and glitter - to draw words, images and shapes on cloth
- Wine corks
- Celluclay - A handy pulverized paper product that resembles clay for paper mache'
- Modeling clay - reusable, come in colors, good for making molds
- Pottery clay - Only if you expect to use a kiln
- Silicon molds and release spray
- Wooden shapes - to paint for ornaments and gifts
- Decal sheets for window decals
- Cloth scrap pieces left overs from sewing
- Clay modeling tools - ll sorts, combs, forks, dental picks, anything to make interesting cuts and patterns
- Plain tee shirts